soil conservation day: let´s take care of the land where life grows on the planet

“Productive land is our foundation, because everything we do begins and is sustained by the sustained productivity of our agricultural lands.” – Hugh Hammond Bennett, Soil Conservation Scientist.


On July 7, the International Soil Conservation Day is commemorated, with the aim of raising awareness about the fundamental importance of the soil as a resource and its implication in climate change. Our food and our lives depend on soils. But they don’t last forever, as they are exhausted and lost.


Why is it important to conserve the soil?


Soil is one of the most complex resources on the planet. It’s constantly changing and it isn’t renewable. It serves as a support for all forms of life.


In addition, it serves as a substrate for the growth of vegetation, guaranteeing the necessary nutrients for all species. From the point of view of agriculture, soils function as the communication channel between the producer and his crop.


Soil is a system in which various chemical, physical and biological processes occur. Thousands of plants and numerous animal species live in the soil. From a biological point of view, soils offer numerous benefits to the environment.


Therefore, the soil plays a key role in people’s lives and, therefore, needs special care.


Soil degradation


Pollution or excessive exploitation of soils directly affect the destruction of the environment, putting the survival of species at risk. In many cases, the negative effects on the environment generate harmful consequences on the health of the population, as well as on other living beings.


Desertification is a process of ecological degradation in which fertile soils totally or partially lose their productive capacity. This phenomenon can occur for various causes, such as deforestation, unbalanced use of soils (such as erosion) and the misuse of mechanized equipment that pollutes the land.


Most of the causes of soil degradation are related to agriculture and livestock farming, since in both cases a large amount of fertilizers, pesticides, chemical herbicides and plastic particles are used. There are also other harmful factors such as sewage, toxic particles, garbage, etc.


Good practices to conserve the soil


Each person can help to protect and conserve the soils in their immediate surroundings. Experts recommend taking these good practices into account:


  • Use organic compost or earthworm humus.
  • Carry out direct sowing.
  • Associate crops for pest control.
  • Smart rotation of crop families.


By: Juan Carlos Ugarelli

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